According to WHO, about 15% biomedical waste generated through hospitals and other health facilities, laboratories and research centres, mortuary and autopsy centres, animal research and testing laboratories, blood banks and collection services, nursing homes for the elderly is considered to be hazardous material that may be infectious, toxic or radioactive, whereas 85% is considered as general, non-hazardous waste.
Biomedical waste is generated from biological and medical sources and activities, such as the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of diseases. Common generators (or producers) of biomedical waste include hospitals, health clinics, nursing homes, medical research laboratories, offices of physicians, dentists, and veterinarians, home health care, and funeral homes. In healthcare facilities (i.e., hospitals, clinics, physician offices, veterinary hospitals and clinical laboratories), etc. The biomedical waste and its by-products generated by health care activities cover a diverse range of materials including infectious waste: waste contaminated with blood and other bodily fluids (e.g. from discarded diagnostic samples), cultures and stocks of infectious agents from laboratory work (e.g. waste from autopsies and infected animals from laboratories), or waste from patients in isolation wards and equipment (e.g. swabs, bandages and disposable medical devices); pathological waste: human tissues, organs or fluids, body parts and contaminated animal carcasses; sharps: syringes, needles, disposable scalpels and blades, etc.; chemicals: for example solvents used for laboratory preparations, disinfectants, and heavy metals contained in medical devices (e.g. mercury in broken thermometers) and batteries; pharmaceuticals: expired, unused and contaminated drugs and vaccines; genotoxic waste: highly hazardous, mutagenic, teratogenic1 or carcinogenic, such as cytotoxic drugs used in cancer treatment and their metabolites; radioactive waste: such as products contaminated by radionuclides including radioactive diagnostic material or radio-therapeutic materials; and non-hazardous or general waste: waste that does not pose any particular biological, chemical, radioactive or physical hazard.
Biomedical waste management has recently emerged as an issue of major concern not only to hospitals, nursing home authorities but also to the environment. the biomedical wastes generated from health care units depend upon a number of factors such as waste management methods, type of health care units, occupancy of healthcare units, specialization of healthcare units, ratio of reusable items in use, availability of infrastructure and resources etc. Biomedical waste management process involves waste collection, segregation, transportation and storage, treatment & disposal, transport to final disposal site, and final disposal. In the U.S., in addition to on-site treatment or pickup by a biomedical waste disposal firm for off-site treatment, a mail-back disposal option exists in the United States. In mail-back biomedical waste disposal, the waste is shipped through the U.S. postal service instead of transport by private hauler.
Therefore, management of health-care waste requires increased attention and diligence to avoid the substantial disease burden associated with poor practice, including exposure to infectious agents and toxic substances.
The global biomedical waste management services market report analyzes the market size (Revenue USD million – 2013 to 2020) and composition of this market on based on medical services (collection, disposal and processing); and small and large quantity waste generators and forecasts growth trends (CAGR% – 2016 to 2020). The geographical segmentation includes North America (U.S., Canada), Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, Rest of LA), Europe (U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Rest of EU), Asia Pacific (Japan, China, India, Rest of APAC), and Rest of the World. It also analyses the competitive landscape of major competitors operating in the global market including Clean Harbors, Inc., Republic Services, Inc., Stericycle, Inc., Suez Environmental Services, US Ecology, Inc., Veolia Environnmental Services, and Waste Management, Inc.